THE RETINA & VITREOUS
The retina is the delicate innermost layer of the eyeball which is sensitive to light. Structurally, the retina is a complex tissue consisting of several microscopic cell layers. It converts visual inputs into nerve signals and transmits them to the brain via the optic nerve. The retina is therefore vital to image perception. The retina is divided into two areas- the central area or "macula" and the peripheral retina.
The macula is important for sharpness perception. We need our macula to read fine print and thread a needle. The leading cause of blindness in the U.S., age-related macular degeneration, causes damage to the macula. The peripheral retina is used for peripheral vision which is critical for many activities such as driving and playing sports. A common insult to the peripheral retina is a retinal tear. It can lead to a retinal detachment and loss of peripheral and ultimately central vision as well. Any damage to the retina can cause permanent vision loss.
The vitreous is the jelly like substance that fills the back of the eye.
WHO IS A RETINA SPECIALIST?
A retina specialist is a medical doctor trained as an ophthalmologist, who has then completed fellowship training in diseases and surgery of the vitreous and retina.
Many eye diseases that cause vision loss involve the retina. Localized eye disorders, and systemic diseases like diabetes and hypertension can affect the retina. A retina specialist discovers where and how the retina is being affected (diagnosis), and creates an effective treatment plan (management).
WHY RETINA HEALTH INSTITUTE?
At Retina Health Institute, we strive to provide our patients with the best, up-to-date, advanced, comprehensive, compassionate and professional care.
We conduct a thorough examination of your eyes, using state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment, and use your eye & physical health history to diagnose your vision problem(s). We also work closely with you and your other doctor(s) to create a personalized treatment plan that fits your needs and lifestyle.